Jihomoravský kraj
Moravskoslezský kraj
Olomoucký kraj
Zlínský kraj

Silesia

Silesia - Ethnographic regions and folk costumes

Silesia - Ethnographic regions and folk costumes

Silesia is the region where Polish, German and Moravian influences combined in the past. This variety made the local folk culture unique. Among the best preserved regions is that of Těšínsko, with its peculiar Goral territory in the south-eastern mountainous part, at the spot where the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia meet.

Folk costumes and points of interest

Folk costumes and points of interest

Geographical variety resulted in several distinct folk costume types. The Goral folk costume is closely related to the folk costumes of Moravian Wallachia. The folk costumes of the Wallachians of Těšín and Jaceks of Jablunkov let us take a peek at the wealth of the citizens of the towns of Těšín and Jablunkov. The women’s costumes stood out with their large amount of silver jewellery, among which the most precious and remarkable part was undoubtedly the wide silver belt.

Silesia - Selected folk events

January–Februar
Goral costume ball „Bal Gorolski“ – Mosty u Jablunkova
Masopust carnivals – Hlučínsko

March–April
Easter Fair – Opava
Easter at the Chateau – Kravaře
Welcoming Spring – Medieval fair – Třinec
VEaster at the Village – Bolatice
Historical Easter Fair – Karviná

April–June
Erecting and chopping down the Maypole – Hlučínsko, Opavsko
Poodří Festival of František Lýsek – Ostrava-Proskovice / Stará Ves nad Ondřejnicí/ Jistebník
Miyszani Łowiec – Košařiska
Jaceks for children – international children’s folk festival – Jablunkov
The International folk festival – Frýdek- Místek
Festival of the Three Brothers – Český Těšín
Erecting the Maypole – Bolatice

July–August
Jablunkov Fair – Jablunkov
Ligotský Fair – Komorní Lhotka
Fairs, “odpusts”, and carnivals – Hlučín, Kobeřice, Píšť, Hrabyně
Gorolski Świeto – International folk convention – Jablunkov
Kravařský “odpust” fair – Kravaře
Folk Without Borders – Ostrava
Sochovy národopisné slavnosti – Lhotka pod Ondřejníkem
Silesian Days – international folk festival – Dolní Lomná
Dožínky (harvest festivals) – the whole Hlučínsko region
Třebovický koláč (Třebovice Cake) festival – Ostrava / Třebovice

December
Traditional St Nicolas Fair – Třinec
Nativity scene enactment – Třinec (muzeum)
Souznění – international festival of Advent and Christmas related customs, carols and crafts – Ostrava / Kozlovice
Christmas Fair – Opava, Karviná – Opava, Karviná
Christmas at the Chateau – Kravaře

Silesia - Trips to se folk art

The unique Gorals and their customs and crafts (Thu–Mon)

Gorolski Święto – Jablunkov

- Beginning of August/annually · A three-day festival of folk ensembles and an interesting folk art fair (CZ, PL, SK) – www.gorolskiswieto.cz

1st day: Český Těšín – tour of the town, a visit to the Polish part of Těšín

2nd day: Český Těšín – visit to the Museum of the Těšín Region, Chotěbuz-Podobora – excursion – archaeopark and archaeological site – www.muzeumct.cz

3rd day: Jablunkov – Gorolski Święto – afternoon – seminar, opening ceremony of the folk festival, the „Nie jyny z naszi dzichty“ programme - presentation of musical and vernacular folk art in its original, unaltered form, until morning - music at the bonfires, specialties of local cuisine

4th day: Jablunkov – morning – sports competition, hiking march – afternoon – festival of folk ensembles, presentations of traditional folk crafts and production by master craftsmen from the Czech Republic (Silesia), Slovakia and Poland – smith, bellmaker, potter, cooper, wheelwright, troughmaker, basketmaker, ropemaker, weaver, master goldsmith, gingerbread baker, processing of wool and flax, production of cheese and žinčica in the traditional manner at sheep farms – meetings at Goral cottages (market stalls, specialties of local cuisine) – evening – Goral carnival

5th day: Jablunkov – high noon – a procession of costumed groups and carnival floats, the rest of the programme the same as on the 4th day, except for the Goral carnival (Saturday only)

 

Folk art that goes beyond borders and between genres, ethnicities and states (Wed–Fri)

Folk Without Borders – Ostrava

- First half of August/annually
- A five-day festival of folk ensembles with international participants (Monday–Friday) – www.folklorbezhranic.cz

1st day: Ostrava – 3rd day of the festival – events take place in various parts of the city according to the programme, suppers – e.g. Moravská chalupa – a stylish restaurant offering regional specialties

2nd day: Ostrava-Poruba – 4th day of the festival – in the afternoon a varied festival procession, Klimkovice Spa – performances by folk ensembles

3rd day: Moravská Ostrava and Přívoz – the final day – festival procession through the city centre, closing concert at the Silesian Ostrava Castle

 

A festival with a long tradition (Fri–Sun)

Slezské dny (Silesian Days) – Dolní Lomná

- Mid-September/annually
- A two-day folk festival, up to twenty folk ensembles with international guests – www.slezskedny.wz.cz, www.dolnilomna.eu

1st day: Dolní Lomná – complex of the Silesian Matica (several wooden buildings), option of accommodation, beautiful countryside, walks, suppers in the homely restaurant Mánes
2nd day: Dolní Lomná – morning – a visit to the Mionší forest – educational trail, afternoon – Slezské dny – opening ceremony – folk programme on two stages, regional specialties – Silesian krmaš and traditional handicraft fair – carvers, potters, spinners, smiths and other craftsmen
3rd day: Dolní Lomná – second day of the festival, procession in folk costumes, traditional welcoming with bread, fair